The hottest exhibition of European glass art histo

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The exhibition of European glass art history treasures opened in Henan Museum

on March 26, the exhibition of European glass art history treasures, jointly hosted by Henan Museum and the national arts and Crafts Museum in Prague, Czech Republic, opened in the West Wing of Henan Museum

a total of 211 pieces (groups) of glass art from ancient Europe to the early 20th century were exhibited in this exhibition. The exhibition lasted until June 14

since the middle ages, Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, has been the transportation hub connecting the East and the West. For a long time, Prague has bred its own unique culture and gradually developed into a cultural and Art Center in Central Europe

Czech glass technology originated in the 9th century. At that time, the Moravian Empire, whose territory includes Moravia (northeast of the Czech Republic), Bohemia (West of the Czech Republic) and Silesia (northeast of the Czech Republic), began to make decorations with glass. After the demise of the Moravian Empire, the kingdom of Bohemia rose. It inherited the original glass manufacturing technology and gradually began to make painted glass and glassware, thereby expanding the field of glass application. In 1306, the kingdom of Bohemia fell, and its ruling area was incorporated into the territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but the glass making process in Bohemia was further developed. In the 14th century, Charles IV, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, moved his capital to Prague, making Prague a center of culture and art in Central Europe. By the second half of the 14th century, the number of glass kilns had increased from a few in the early 14th century to more than one in the 20th century

in the early 17th century, karpas, the gem craftsman in Prague? Lemont applied the technology of cutting gemstones to the processing of glass products, which became the beginning of the carving process of glass convex and concave patterns. Since then, Baroque glass decoration technology has gradually become known to the world. 171 the coefficient of the pneumatic sensor will be revised once a year. In the second half of the century, people used wood ash to replace sodium carbonate ash and developed potassium carbonate glass. So far, the cutting process and convex concave decorative carving process have become the two major characteristics of Czech Bohemian Glass

from the mid-18th century to the early 19th century, Bohemian Glass technology once declined due to war, over protection and the popularity of crystal glass. But Friedrich? Eggman published brand-new design works and improved the technology, which is known as reviving the vitality of Bohemian Glass Art. Since then, with the changes of the times, Bohemian Glass technology has retained the traditional techniques and continuously absorbed the essence of various arts. So far, it has always been at the forefront of glass technology in Europe and even the world, showing a unique artistic style that is both loyal to tradition and brave in innovation

the Prague National Arts and Crafts Museum, founded in 1885, mainly collects and displays ancient and modern handicrafts. Its collection covers glassware, porcelain, metalware, wood products, gem decoration, clocks, embroidery, furniture, prints and other categories from ancient to modern Europe, especially the arts and crafts in Bohemia, with a collection of more than 500000 pieces

the glass handicrafts collected in the museum are known as a collection of European glass crafts. Among them, Bohemian Glass is the most distinctive, with a number of 40000 pieces. In addition to the works of Renaissance, Baroque steel strand stretching, change fixture, bidermaya style, historicism, youth style and functionalism, many fine works of modern glass craft art are also exhibited and collected

this tour exhibition in China is a grand event of cultural exchange between China and the Czech Republic, and it is also the first large-scale exhibition of the boutique of the museum in the Far East. Following the historical track of the birth, development and prosperity of European glass technology, the exhibition selected products from ancient, medieval and modern times, as well as the essence and masterpieces of major representative art schools. Through the exquisite exhibits, the audience can enjoy an artistic miracle that has been inherited for nearly 2000 years

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