Floor paving methods and steps

2022-07-22
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There are two main ways to pave the floor: suspension type and keel type. Laminate floors and solid wood multi-storey floors are generally suspended. Advantages of suspension paving: simple, fast, convenient maintenance, less indoor space occupation and low cost. Solid wood floors in some areas have also begun to adopt suspension paving. The traditional paving method of solid wood floor is keel type. Characteristics of keel pavement: good foot feel! However, due to the high cost, occupation of indoor space and great difficulty in maintenance, keel paving method cannot be used for laminate flooring

I. ground finishing

clean up the building residues on the ground, such as cement residues, gravel, etc., which need to be removed with a shovel. For a small amount of uneven ground, chiseling or filling some quick drying cement can be used. In the floor paving, we should also pay attention to the reserved height of the door. The correct order should be to install the door first, and then lay the floor

how to determine the reserved height when installing the door? The distance between the lower edge of the door and the floor is at least 5mm. Therefore, when installing the door, the reserved height is: the height of the keel (35mm), the height of the floor mat (2mm), the thickness of the rough floor (9mm), and the thickness of the floor (15mm). The total is 61mm+5mm, a total of 66mm. When paving the floor, if there is not enough space, use a saw at the lower edge of the door to cut off the excess

II. Open the skirting hole

open the skirting hole, and the hole spacing is 500mm± 10mm, the hole diameter should be 3-5mm smaller than the diameter of sawdust, nail into the wooden wedge, and the wooden wedge must be dry and stable

III. thoroughly clean the ground

don't underestimate this problem. The cleanliness of the ground is very important. If it is not cleaned up, it is easy to cause uneven ground, arching sound after paving the floor, and ash emission at the floor gap

IV. lay moisture-proof membrane

laying standard requirements: lay 0.2mm thick moisture-proof membrane; The joint shall be overlapped by 200mm and sealed tightly with adhesive tape. It needs to be led up by 50-60mm against the wall

v. laying floor mats

the floor mats cannot be overlapped, and the joints are sealed with 60mm wide adhesive tape, with 30-50mm lead on all sides, which cannot exceed the skirting line. If the floor mat is relatively thick, the overlap of the floor mat is too high, which will also lead to floor arching

VI. pre select the color separation and carry out trial paving

the floor is naturally grown, and there is a color difference problem. It needs to distinguish the color, communicate and reach a paving consensus before paving. Key points for pre selection trial paving:

1. Paving direction: in principle, smooth paving is adopted for floor paving (that is, the direction of the long side of the floor is the same as the direction of indoor lighting). If there are two options, it depends on whether you like the way of step height (horizontal paving at the entrance) or the way of one smooth and hundred smooth (smooth paving at the entrance)

2. Pavement method: I-shaped pavement, 369 equal paving, very casual mix and match pavement, and some new pavement methods, such as herringbone, Tian Zi spelling, etc. Among these assembly methods, the loss of mixing and matching is the least, followed by 369, and the loss of other methods will be larger. In addition to the pavement method, the size of the loss is related to the specification and size of the floor and the room type, which is generally 3%-5%, and the special house type or shape will be larger. It should be noted that the staggered length should not be less than 300mm

3. Pre selection of color: gradually transition according to the color depth, but the floor with deep color should be placed in the place with bright light as far as possible, and the floor with too large color difference should be laid under or other furniture. According to the current popular trend in European and American countries, many people choose the mixed pavement method, believing that it can restore the natural style

VII. Pave the room from the upper left corner

floor paving starts from the upper left corner of the room, the female tenon of the floor is against the wall, and an 8-12mm reserved joint should be reserved with the wall, water pipes and other fixtures, which should be positioned with wedges. When paving the floor:

1. Make a simple tool box with a packing box, which not only facilitates the placement of tools, but also prevents hard objects from scratching the floor

2. Unpack the packing box and lay it on the main walkway to avoid gravel being brought into the room and scratching the floor

3. It is necessary to change the saw according to the size of the room. It is recommended that you choose dust-free cutting, which is conducive to the maintenance of environmental sanitation and personal health

VIII. Hammer knocking floor splicing

in the process of floor splicing, it is necessary to knock the floor splicing with a hammer. Precautions for the use of hammer: when the hammer hits the floor, it needs to use a wooden last as a cushion to avoid the edge depression caused by the hammer hitting the floor directly and damaging the floor edge or tenon strip

IX. install springs at the ends

after the floor is paved, take out the positioning wedge beside the wall and install springs at the ends or edges of the floor. The purpose of installing springs is to maintain the normal floor gap when the floor is dry and wet

X. installing the skirting line

nailing is required for fixing the skirting line. Be careful not to let the hammer hit the skirting line. After the nail is driven into the skirting line, use a special tool to completely hit the nail cap, and apply nail eye ointment of similar color. Wipe the excess to ensure beauty

Xi. Sanitation

clean the floor and reach the standard of direct admission

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